WHAT ARE MOLES?
Melanocytic nevi are the medical name for moles. Moles are the growth of fat on your skin, that may be flat or raised. They are small spots and usually brown or black in color. Most moles appear in the early childhood or when you reach to your 20s. Moles can also appear because of sun exposure or pregnancy.
Moles can be mistaken for freckles or another skin disease. Irregular moles can cause skin cancer, which is also known as Melanoma. It is the reason if you have irregular moles on your skin and you are living in London, you should find a specialist for mole removal in London. There are plenty of dermatologists available, you just need to find out the best one.
THE CAUSES OF MOLES
Usually, moles are hereditary. The genes you got from your parents, along with the sun exposure you had during your childhood are the major factors in determining the mole’s number.
Skin with more sun exposure tends to have more moles. However, the moles can occur in the sun-protected areas like palms, soles, and genitals too. Even, the newborn babies can have moles on their bodies. It is not necessary that you will get mole just in childhood. The mole can occur in your adulthood too
COMMON TYPES OF MOLES
There are so many types of moles. All of them differ in colors, sizes, and shapes. The most common types of moles are pointed below.
- Junctional melanocytic nevi:
- Dermal melanocytic nevi:
A dermal mole is eruptive, stick out of the skin and may have hairs upon it.Usually, it is skin colored or light brown.
- Halo nevi: ( Leukoderma )
Halo nevi are moles surrounded by white ring or halo. In other words, you can call it leukoderma too. Leukoderma is a noncancerous mole. This one is the most embarrassing type of mole as slowly it grows on the whole body.
- Dysplastic nevi:
Dysplastic nevi may resemble melanoma, and people who have them are at Increased risk of developing melanoma in a mole or elsewhere on the body.This looks large and bumpy or flat. Grows irregularly on edges.
TREATMENTS OF MOLES
Normally moles are harmless and do not require any kind of treatment. Though it can be removed surgically, if:
- The moles are causing embarrassment for you.
- The moles are suspected to cause you melanoma.
- The patient finds shaving difficult, or it gets snagged in clothing.
There are some treatments available for mole removing. The most popular and common treatments are pointed below.
- A shave biopsy:
The doctor uses a scalpel to shave off the outermost layers of skin. Stitches are seldom needed. This type of biopsy is generally not recommended if a malignant melanoma is suspected. A shave biopsy may not get a skin sample thick enough to find out how deep cancer goes into the tissues
- An excision biopsy:
If you have an excision biopsy your doctor will use a surgical knife to remove the entire mole or lesion particularly if melanoma is suspected. Your doctor will remove as many layers of skin as necessary in order to get the full depth of the mole or growth. You can expect to get stitches with this type of biopsy.
A punch biopsy:
If your doctor chooses to do a punch biopsy it is most likely because you have a deep skin lesion. Using a sharp cylindrical punch, your doctor will remove a small round plug of skin tissue. You may need a couple of stitches.
These are the details, that you should know about moles. A simple looking mole which directly not harm you can cause cancer. To get rid of the moles you should visit skin specialist clinic in London, and consult a dermatologist.