Your body can incur diseases from non-favorable environmental conditions. Unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner may cause diseases. These diseases may be bacterial based, parasitic, or viral-based. These disorders are called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sexually transmitted diseases are acquired through semen, blood, and vaginal or bodily fluid. A person with a sexually transmitted disease may possibly not have seen any symptoms hence you can get if from them unknowingly if you engage in an intimate act. You can also acquire these STIs non-sexually through blood donation and sharing equipment. Phoenix STD testing offers treatments for treatable infections and management for non-treatable infections. The following are the major sexually transmitted diseases of all times.
The major types of sexually transmitted infections and their symptoms
There are several types of sexually transmitted diseases. They include:
- Human Immanuel-Deficiency Syndrome (HIV). HIV is the most dangerous sexually transmitted disease. It is viral-based with no cure. HIV damages your immune system keeping you at risk of getting any infectious disease that passes by. HIV infection if not managed progresses from stage I to stage III. Symptoms of HIV are body weakness, headache, prolonged coughing, fever, loss of weight, rashes, and nausea.
- Gonorrhea. This is another sexually transmitted infection. It is a bacteria-based infection. Some people may not develop any symptoms. If symptoms are present, they may be a yellow, white, or green discharge coming out from the penis or vagina, itching around the genitals, pain, and bleeding during sexual intercourse, and feeling to urinate more frequently.
- Syphilis. Syphilis is a bacterial based sexual transmitted disease. It is not noticeable in its early stages. It is also manageable and treatable during its first stage. Some of the symptoms that may show develop on your genitals, mouth, and anus. This disease is very infectious if transmitted. Symptoms include unpleasant discharge from the penis or vagina, weight loss, pain during sex and urination, and swelling around your genitals.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV). Human papillomavirus is the second contagious sexually transmitted disease after HIV. It can also be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact. Its symptoms form around your genitals, mouth, and throat. Severe HPV may cause oral cancer, cervical cancer, and penile cancer. There is no treatment for human papillomavirus. However, it may disappear completely on its own.
Sexually transmitted diseases are dangerous to your life. Since some of these infections have no cure, it is vital to prevent yourself from getting them. The ways of prevention are as follows.
The appropriate ways to prevent sexually transmitted infections
Preventive ways include:
- Abstaining from sex. This is the most effective way to prevent STDs.
- Staying with one partner. Having multiple partners can cost your health. It is recommended to stick with one partner.
- Wait and test. Avoid vaginal and anal intercourse before you and your partner get tested. STDs test will keep you free from bacterial or viral infections.
It is vital to avoid sexually transmitted diseases because some of them have no cure. Women are severely affected by STIs which can result from pelvic floor disorder. Staying safe is the best option.